Florida Black Bear telemetry locations in Florida from May 1983 to September 2007

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission - Fish and Wildlife Research Institute
Publication_Date: 20170802
Title:
Florida Black Bear telemetry locations in Florida from May 1983 to September 2007
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Gainsville, FL
Publisher:
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission - Fish and Wildlife Research Institute
Online_Linkage: <http://research.myfwc.com/>
Description:
Abstract:
Data are combined from individual projects in Florida conducted by various parties that were willing to share their data. This spatial dataset shows point locations for Florida black bears (Ursus americanus floridanus) throughout Florida located using VHF radiocollars. Descriptive data, including type of telemetry (aerial or ground) and type of location (e.g., visual, den site, location of dead collared bear or dropped collar) were preserved, if available, in separate fields. Bears can be found in almost every Florida county, but these locations represent only those documented from radiocollared bears. These VHF telemetry locations were compiled from research studies conducted by FL Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC), the University of Florida (UF), the University of Kentucky (UK), and the University of Tennessee (UT) and will be updated as future projects using VHF telemetry are completed
Purpose:
To provide a comprehensive spatial dataset of all known telemetry locations of black bears in Florida. These data are intended for visual interpretation only. CAUTION: Because of its comprehensive nature, the original datasets had different goals, purposes, and relocation schedules. Bear telemetry data have been used to determine the distribution, habitat use, home range, reproduction/denning, survival, and road crossing behavior of bears in Florida.
Supplemental_Information:
As an archive of past VHF radiotelemetry conducted by several researchers for various purposes, the descriptions and codes used for type of location, type of telemetry and habitat varies. Where possible, descriptive text for similar types of location and types of telemetry were edited to representative categories. Additionally, the original coordinates (UTM in NAD 1927 and NAD 1983) were preserved.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 198305
Ending_Date: 200709
Currentness_Reference: Ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -87.505718
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.713815
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.987573
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.679777
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: User
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: GIS
Theme_Keyword: monitoring
Theme_Keyword: telemetry
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Florida
Access_Constraints:
These data are unrestricted. Users should acquire the best available data. If possible, please acquire this dataset directly from FWC as other sources may have altered the original data.
Use_Constraints:
Users should read and fully comprehend this metadata record prior to using these data. Please acknowledge the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) as the data source for any products developed from these data. If any data are modified, please share the edited information with FWC. Users should be aware that comparison with other data sets for the same area may be inaccurate. Users should acquire the best available data. FWC shall not be liable for improper or incorrect use of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission-Fish and Wildlife Research Institute
Contact_Person: GISLibrarian
Contact_Position: GIS Data Librarian
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Fish and Wildlife Research Institute
Address: 100 Eighth Avenue Southeast
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: Florida
Postal_Code: 33701
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-896-8626
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-893-1697
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: GISLibrarian@MyFWC.com
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: FWRI-DC
Security_Classification: Available without restriction
Security_Handling_Description: Available without restriction
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.0.4322

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Passed for Normal to Tightened integrity tests with sample sizes of 500 points.
Completeness_Report: Complete
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The precision of telemetry locations depends on method (aerial vs ground), skill of the researcher, and the equipment used. Precision for each point was not recorded in the original location dataset and is unknown. FWC suggests reviewing the original data or publications resulting from the original study.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The precision of telemetry locations depends on method (aerial vs ground), skill of the researcher, and the equipment used. Precision for each point was not recorded in the original location dataset and is unknown. FWC suggests reviewing the original data or publications resulting from the original study.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Dobey, S., M. R. Pelton, D. V. Masters, B. K. Scheick, M. E. Sunquist, and J. D. Clark
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Ecology of Florida black bears in the Okefenokee-Osceola ecosystem. Wildlife Monographs
Edition: 158
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Wildlife Monographs
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Masters, D. V.
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Fine-scale habitat use, activity, and movements of female black bears in north-central Florida.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Gainsville, FL
Publisher: University of Florida
Other_Citation_Details: Thesis
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Scheick, B. K.
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Black bear diet, movements, and habitat selection in north Florida and south Georgia
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Gainesville, Florida
Publisher: University of Florida
Other_Citation_Details: Thesis
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Maehr, D. S., J. W. McCown, E. D. Land, and J. C. Roof
Publication_Date: 1992
Title:
Southwest Florida black bear habitat use, distribution, movements, and conservation strategy. Study No. 7552.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Land, E. D.
Title:
Southwest Florida black bear habitat use, distribution, movements, and conservation strategy.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee Florida
Publisher: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Other_Citation_Details: 40pp
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Neils, A. M.
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Florida black bears (Ursus americanus floridanus) at the urban-wildland interface: are they different?
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Gainsville, Florida
Publisher: University of Florida
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Annis, K. M.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title: The impact of translocation on nuisance Florida black bears
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Gainsville, FL
Publisher: University of Florida
Other_Citation_Details: Thesis
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stratman, M. R.
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Habitat use and effects of prescribed fire on black bears in northwestern Florida
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Knoxville, Tennessee
Publisher: University of Tennessee
Other_Citation_Details: Thesis
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stratman, M. R., and M. R. Pelton.
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Feeding ecology of black bears in Northwest Florida.
Series_Information:
Issue_Identification: 27:95-102
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Florida Field Naturalist
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stratman, M. R., C. D. Alden, M. R. Pelton, and M. E. Sunquist.
Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Long distance movement of a Florida black bear in the Southeastern Coastal Plain.
Series_Information:
Issue_Identification: 12:55-58
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Ursus
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Stratman, M. R., C. D. Alden, M. R. Pelton, and M. E. Sunquist. 2001.
Title:
Habitat use by American black bears in the sandhills of Florida.
Edition: 12:109-114.
Series_Information:
Issue_Identification: 12:109-114.
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Ursus
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stratman, M. R., and M. R. Pelton
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Spatial response of American black bears to prescribed fire in northwest Florida.
Edition: 18:62-71
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Ursus
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Orlando, M. A.
Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
The ecology and behavior of an isolated black bear population in west central Florida.
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Thesis
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lexington, Kentucky.
Publisher: , University of Kentucky
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Maehr, D. S., J. S. Smith, M. W. Cunningham, M. E. Barnwell, J. L. Larkin, and M. A. Orlando. 2003.
Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Spatial Characteristics of an isolated Florida black bear population.
Edition: 2:433-446
Series_Information:
Issue_Identification: 2:433-446
Publication_Information:
Publisher: Southeastern Naturalist
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
1. PROJECT DATA: Original project datasets (often Microsoft Excel files in XLS format but also shapefiles) were provided to Brian Scheick by university researchers or FWC personnel (not necessarily those who conducted the research).
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
2. DATA PROCESSING: Attributes were added to copies of the original datasets for source (usually the project name) and researcher (lead agency researcher or all graduate students). Attributes of original coordinates were renamed to preserve native projection (e.g., “X” field name edited to “UTM_NAD27” if the Excel column title, study description, or GIS projection matched UTM 1927 projection). The edited copies of original datasets were compiled when they shared the same projection and datum.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
3. Each compiled and formatted dataset was then converted into a point shapefile in ESRI ArcMap 10.0 and the data were reprojected into Florida Modified Albers HARN. Once converted, all files were merged into a single shapefile.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
4. Date was used to pull out a year field for easier sorting. Several descriptive fields in the original datasets describing the type of telemetry method and the type of location method used for each, including comments, were reviewed and combined to two attributes based on obvious categories. Various formats for sex and age class (spelled out, acronyms, etc.) were standardized. Habitat codes were unedited because project publications did not provide definitions (likely the habitat codes were categorized for publication). Text in a comments attribute was preserved. Beyond standardization, the original attributes were edited as little as possible. Several projects radiocollared cubs to monitor cub survival but handled the cub telemetry data differently. For some projects, only the mother’s location was recorded in the telemetry database and confirmation that the cubs were with her resided in the comment field of the telemetry database or another database. Those other databases were not cross-referenced to add records for cub locations to this telemetry dataset. However, the data for at least one project contained separate records for each collared bear in a family but listed coordinates for just one family member (the coordinate fields for the other family members were blank). When a comment confirmed that all members were together, the missing coordinates were copied to complete the data.

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000000004429812072714868
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000000004429812072714868
Planar_Distance_Units: meter
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D North American 1983 HARN
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS 1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Bear_Telemetry_198305_200709_VHF
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Line
Attribute_Definition: Line number assigned to compiled dataset by Microsoft Excel
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition:
A descriptive project title, not necessarily the title the original researcher used.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Researcher
Attribute_Definition:
Name of principal agency biologist or university graduate student
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Year
Attribute_Definition: Year pulled from date field
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Date
Attribute_Definition: Complete date
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Time
Attribute_Definition: Time of day
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Bear_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Identifier for individual bears, often the alphanumeric code used for the tattoo or ear tag.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sex
Attribute_Definition: Sex of bear
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AgeClass
Attribute_Definition: Adult, subadult, yearling, or cub as defined by original source
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Loc_Type
Attribute_Definition:
Type of bear location (telemetry, visual of bear, capture, den, etc.), if specified in original source
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Telem_Type
Attribute_Definition:
If type of bear location (Loc_Type) is telemetry, a description of the type of telemetry (e.g., aerial or ground), if specified in original source
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Activity
Attribute_Definition: Activity of bear, if specified in original source.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Habitat
Attribute_Definition:
Habitat description, or code, as provided by original source, if specified in the original source. Definitions of habitat letter codes were not provided with the source files and not all codes matched habitat types used in publications, users should refer to reports or publications by original researchers for more details.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Latitude
Attribute_Definition: Geographic coordinate in decimal degrees.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Longitude
Attribute_Definition: Geographic coordinate in decimal degrees.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTME_NAD27
Attribute_Definition: UTM easting in NAD 1927 datum, if used in original source.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMN_NAD27
Attribute_Definition: UTM northing in NAD 1927 datum, if used in original source
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTME_NAD83
Attribute_Definition: UTM easting in NAD 1983 datum, if used in original source
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMN_NAD83
Attribute_Definition: UTM northing in NAD 1983 datum, if used in original source.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: X
Attribute_Definition: projected east/west coordinate supplied by ArcGIS.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Y
Attribute_Definition: projected north/south coordinate supplied by ArcGIS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition:
Definition: longer descriptive text of location, if provided in original source. This field was not edited for brevity, completeness, or usefulness.
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
These sightings were compiled by FWC staff to view all available VHF telemetry data.

Distribution_Information:
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
This data set is in the public domain, and the recipient may not assert any proprietary rights thereto nor represent it to anyone as other than a FWC-FWRI produced data set; it is provided "as-is" without warranty of any kind, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The user assumes all responsibility for the accuracy and suitability of this data set for a specific application. In no event will the staff of the Fish and Wildlife Research Institute be liable for any damages, including lost profits, lost savings, or other incidental or consequential damages arising from the use of or the inability to use this data set.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20170721
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: As needed
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Contend Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

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